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Chapter 14: Later English Reformers


think about...

1. What conditions limited the usefulness of Wycliffe’s transla- tion of the Bible into the English language, (1.) as to accuracy of the text, (2.) as to its circulation? What valuable contribution was made by Erasmus? 245:1 [281:1]

2. A careful reading of this paragraph will not raise questions regarding the possibility of serious mistakes in the text of Scripture. The defects in Wycliffe’s version were due to his working not from the original languages, but from a faulty translation of that language into the Latin. Since that time, several ancient manuscript have been discovered, and modern versions of the scriptures have been translated from those original Hebrew and Greek texts.

3. What cogent reasons did Tyndale give for the possession of the Scriptures by the laity? What purpose was formed in his mind to make this possible? Under what obstacles was he obliged to carry out this work? Where was his New Testament printed, and how did it find its way into England? How did the Bishop of Durham unwittingly help the cause? 246:2-247:1 [282:2-283:3]

4. What co-temporaries of Tyndale defended the truth, and mag- nified the word of God? According to Latimer, who was the most diligent bishop in all England, and how did he work? What was Latimer’s final prediction? 248:1-249:1 [284:2- 285:1]

5. Upon the spot where many copies of Tyndale’s Bible were publicly burned stands now the British and Foreign Bible House.

6. What earlier influences helped Scotland to maintain its free- dom longer than did England? How was the torch of truth re-lit in the northern kingdom? 249:2-4 [285:2-286:2]

7. Who was Scotland’s great leader in the Reformation? How did he interpret the command of God to obey their rulers? What

wise counsel did he give to guide those who are confused because of differences of belief among spiritual leaders? How effective was his leadership in Scotland? 250:2-251:3 [287:1-288:3]

8. In the establishment of Protestantism in England, what erro- [31] neous principles of the papacy were retained? What was the result
to dissenters? What noteworthy book was produced by a martyr for
the faith, in jail? What four other books were productive of spiritual
light? 251:4-252:3 [288:4-290:2]

9. What was the spiritual condition of England a century later? What reformers then arose? How was Charles Wesley led to realize the futility of his own works for salvation? 253:1-3 [290:3-291:1] From whom were the Wesleys descended? 253:1-254:2 [290:3- 291:3]

10. How did the consistent Christian lives of Moravians influ- ence John Wesley? 254:3-256:1 [292:1-293:2]

11. What were the results of Wesley’s apprehension of the light of God’s grace? On what different basis did he now maintain his former good works? What led to the name of “Methodists”? 256:1-4[293:2-294:1]

12. How did Whitefield and the Wesleys regard the minor differ- ences of doctrine between them? 257:3 [295:1]

13. What instances of divine protection from mob violence has Wesley recorded? Were the leaders alone subject to persecution? Did they have protection from the government? 258:1-259:2 [295:2- 296:2].

14. What two popular errors did Wesley combat, and what ar- guments did he bring to bear against them? Are these same errors rampant today? 260:2-264:1 [297:1-301:1]

15. What remarkable success crowned the work of Wesley dur- ing his lifetime? What can be said of his influence beyond what was visible? Memorize the concluding sentence.